LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie is to join the London School of Economics (LSE) as a visiting professor on a new masters course on women, peace and security,the school announced on Monday.
The LSE said the course, which starts next year, is the first of its kind globally and will be run by the LSE Centre for Women, Peace and Security which was launched last year by Jolie and Britain’s former foreign secretary, William Hague.
“It is vital that we broaden the discussion on how to advance women’s rights and end impunity for crimes that disproportionately affect women, such as sexual violence in conflict,” Jolie, a special envoy for the U.N. refugee agency (UNHCR), said in a statement.
“I am looking forward to teaching and to learning from the students, as well as to sharing my own experiences of working alongside governments and the United Nations.”
Hague will also be joining LSE as a visiting professor.
The Oscar-winning actress and Hague have become an unlikely double-act on campaigning to end sexual violence against women in conflict.
The partnership was sparked by Jolie’s 2011 directorial debut “In the Land of Blood and Honey” that was set against the backdrop of the 1992-95 Bosnian war in which an estimated 20,000 women were believed to have been raped.
The pair co-founded the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative in 2012 to rally global action on such crimes, increase the numbers of perpetrators brought to justice and ensure better support for survivors.
They co-hosted the first global conference on the issue in London in 2014.
Hague said the new course would help underpin their work by developing research to help tackle the culture of impunity.
India and Pakistan have been at war, covertly or overtly, since the latter was carved out of the Indian subcontinent on the 14th August 1947. Kashmir has been the major bone of contention between these two states, both of whom now have nuclear capabilities. Three major wars have been fought over the Kashmir region.
The Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 was the most decisive of all the wars fought between the two countries. It started in the month of August and lasted until 23rd September 1965. The major portion of the armor and weaponry used by both countries was provided by the Americans, Russians and British who were getting rid of older equipment used in WW2. The Battle of Chawinda was one of the major battles fought during this war and is now hailed as one of the largest tank battles since the Battle of Kursk in WWII.
The City of Sialkot in Pakistan was one of the cities which the Indians had planned to use as a base for further operations within Pakistan, once captured. The town of Chawinda lies a few miles from the main city and was the center of the action. General Dunn was the commander of the I Corps-Indian Army and was put in charge of an armored division, a mountain division, and 2 other divisions.
The strength of the Indian forces ranged from 80,000 to 150,000 infantry and 230 tanks that consisted of both Centurions and Shermans. On the other hand, the Pakistani force that planned to repulse the attack initially consisted of an armored, an infantry and an artillery division. Later during the battle, reinforcements arrived, including another infantry division and another armored division. The Pakistani side consisted of 30,000 to 50,000 infantry, 132 tanks who were tasked with the initial defense and 150 reinforcements who retreated from the nearby tank battle of Phillora without many losses. Both Sherman and Patton tanks took part in at the battle.
On 7th September, Indian forces consisting of 1st Armored Division, 14thInfantry, and 6th Mountain took control of the border area planning to cut off Pakistan’s supply lines. Following this, a short skirmish between the two took place which resulted in Pakistan losing 10 of its tanks. India had established its dominion over the Sialkot railway. Realizing the magnitude of the situation, the Pakistanis ordered two regiments of the 6th Armored Division to aid the 7th Infantry Division currently repulsing Indian attacks.
In addition, an independent Tank Destroyer Squadron was put to action, amounting to 135 tanks. There were 24 M47 & M48 Pattons as well as some Shermans. Anticipating the movements of the Pakistani 6th Armored Division, the Indian forces planned to drive a wedge between Sialkot and the Division. All was in India’s favor as the Pakistanis only had a single regiment at that time – even though the order was for 2 to reach the city. The Indian 1starmored brigade was divided up and, along with the 43rd Lorried Infantry Brigade, advanced towards the Pakistanis.
The main portion of the 1st Armored Brigade was sent towards the nearby town of Phillora. The tank battle that took place there was won by the Indian forces since the Pakistani regiments retreated after a few days of battle. The decision to retreat gave Pakistan a strategic edge as they successfully saved their armor from destruction. This worked in their favor at the main Battle of Chawinda.
The Pakistanis also had a newly raised tank division commanded by newly trained young officers all with high morale. The Pakistani Airforce also managed to slow down the Indian advance at Phillora to some extent, but the Indian force was too large to be completely stopped. Soon enough the 25thCavalry of the Pakistani Army saw approaching dust columns. On 10thSeptember, the Indians resumed their attacks while engaging multiple corps and managed to push the Pakistanis back to defensive positions in Sialkot.
The Pakistani position was perilous. All their counterattacks had been met with harsh resistance. The Indians outnumbered the Pakistanis 10 to 1. however, Pakistani reinforcements were on their way – another two divisions, one of infantry and one of tanks. The Pakistanis who were now settled at Chawinda were ready to go on the offensive, and every attack by the Indians was repulsed.
By the morning of 14th September, the Pakistani 6th Armored Division organized under Colonel Wajahat was holding a pivotal location in the Chawinda region. The Indians had put their minds to work and it was clear they weren’t going to leave any stone unturned in capturing Chawinda. The Indian plan was to cut the supply route between the stationed forces and the central command, to surround the Pakistani forces as much as possible so that the thrust of the Pakistani armor never joined the smaller units of the Pakistani army, and to establish an attacking position from the captured town of Phillora.
The Indian assault didn’t gain any momentum till late night when they captured a few nearby villages. The Indian tanks consisting of 4 regiments tried to ram through the 3 Pakistani regiments but failed to do so due to the superior formations of the Pakistanis. There was utter chaos on the fields as the Pakistani Pattons engaged with Indian Centurions and Shermans.
The Pakistani 25th Cavalry played a major part too, with shiny new armor and officers who were well versed in modern warfare tactics. The air force and artillery played less of a part of this engagement since the two sides had essentially mingled with each other. There were full frontal clashes between the two sides and only after a significant distance had been established between the two did the Pakistani artillery with its newly acquired US guns engaged the Indians, destroying much of the retreating Indian side. At the end of the day, the battlefield looked like a graveyard of tanks.
But once again, the Indians regrouped. They weren’t ready to surrender just yet so they planned to outflank the Pakistanis on 16th September. This time, the Pakistani Artillery came in earlier and prevented the Indian advance completely. The Pakistani artillery was commanded by Shaukat Riza, who was excellent at making use of the resources he had. Even though the Indians had 6 artillery brigades, they managed to cover only 3000 yards in 15 hours. The infantry was scattered all along the line and every time they tried to regroup the Pakistani guns raged thunder on them with 90 artillery pieces including 12x 8-inch howitzers.
On 21st September, the Indians withdrew back to their original defensive positions and all operations were ceased. The Pakistani Generals vetoed a counterattack against the Indians proposed by the officers on the field as they didn’t have a backup plan in place. In addition, foreign efforts to end the war had worked and on 22nd September, the UNSC passed a resolution demanding an unconditional ceasefire from both nations.
Both the countries agreed to do so and the hostilities formally ended on 23rdSeptember. The territories gained by both countries were returned after the Tashkent Declaration was signed by both countries sponsored by the Soviet Union. The victory of the battle was attributed to Pakistan as it gained equal leverage during the final peace deal, something that might not have happened, had the Pakistani Army been unable to defend their positions from the invasion.
source : http://www.warhistoryonline.com/history/battle-chawinda-largest-tank-battle-since-wwii.html/2
Manto star Saba Qamar is all set to make her Bollywood debut alongside international actor Irrfan Khan, and the talented duo looks adorable together.
Directed by Saket Chaudhary, who has hits such as Pyar Ke Side Effectsand Shaadi Ke Side Effects to his credit, Saba’s Bollywood debut film is a situational comedy based on social issues.
The two actors look adorable together. PHOTO: ALLPAKISTANDRAMAPAGE
Pakistan has the weakest higher education system in the world according to Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), a British ranking agency.
In the report that compares 50 countries, Pakistan ranks dead last with a score of 9.2. The U.S. and U.K ranked top with scores of 100 and 98.5 respectively while India was 24th with a score of 60.9.
The ranking measured each country’s high school education system across four dimensions: system strength, access, flagship institution, and economic context. Combining university rankings and other indicators gives governments and policy makers a national benchmarking tool to measure progress.
Here’s what the ranking categories measure:
- System strength: Based on the number of institutions featured in the international rankings.
- Access: It reflects the number of places available at internationally ranked universities.
- Flagship Institution: It assesses the performance of each country’s leading university.
- Economic Context: It factors performance in the global rankings against GDP per capita, to give an indication of the extent to which financial investment is translating into ranking representation.
The abysmal performance of the Pakistani higher education should be of great concern to the government, policy makers and activists alike. We like to talk about the potential in Pakistan due to it having the second largest youth population in the world but it is a useless statistic if we aren’t equipping them with the tools to succeed in life.
You can check out the detailed rankings here. The ranking methodology can be seen here.
Pakistan Has the Weakest Higher Education System in the World: QS Report
ISLAMABAD: Tax authorities have served a notice on Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, seeking a clarification on receipts of foreign remittances from his son and subsequent distribution among his family members.
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif looks on during a lecture on Sri Lanka-Pakistan Relations in Colombo, Sri Lanka January 5, 2016. PHOTO: REUTERS
The notice was sent on April 8 by the Federal Board of Revenue’s audit unit one, zone-III of the Regional Tax Office in Lahore, said sources in the regional office. The notice was served under Section 176 of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001, which empowers tax officials to seek information about any transaction.
The FBR field office sent the notice just five days after the Panama Papers disclosed that the Sharif family owned offshore companies. Sources said the field office has sought a clarification from the premier about foreign remittances that he received from his son and their onward distribution as gift to his daughter, Maryam Nawaz, and to his son.
It was not clear whether or not the prime minister has responded to the notice. In 2011, the premier received Rs129.3 million foreign remittances from his son and then gifted Rs31.7 million to his daughter and Rs19.45 million to his second son, according to an investigative article published in an English daily on Friday
The article – “Tough Times for PM” – was written by Dr Ikram ul Haq, the country’s top tax expert and Supreme Court’s advocate. Dr Haq wrote that under the law, there is a procedure to give a gift to someone, which in this case has not been followed. Under the Income Tax law, a commissioner is empowered to send a notice under Section 176 without consulting the FBR headquarters.
Sources said that due to adverse implications of the notice, particularly for the Sharif family members, FBR top officials are now trying to hush the matter up. FBR Chairman Nisar Muhammad Khan was allegedly helping the ruling family to complete the missing documentation, sources claimed.
Despite repeated attempts in the last few days, the FBR chairman did not respond to the question as to whether the bureau has sent a notice to the premier and if tax authorities took any subsequent action. FBR spokesperson Dr Muhammad Iqbal said he was unaware of any such notice. “I cannot confirm whether or not a notice has been sent to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif,” said Iqbal while talking to The Express Tribune. He also refused to give further comment on the issue.
Sources said the notice may not carry any adverse implications for the premier but it could create problems for his daughter, Maryam, and her husband, Captian (retd) Muhammad Safdar. The FBR chairman is said to be close to Safdar.
The Section 39 Subsection 3 of the Income Tax Ordinance defines the mechanism of giving/ receiving a gift. “A loan, advance, deposit or gift” should either be given through “a crossed cheque drawn on a bank or through a banking channel,” it says.
Sources said the FBR field office had apprehensions that the PM’s children did not receive the foreign remittances in a manner prescribed by the law. Secondly, Captain Safdar, who is also an MNA, also did not disclose these remittances in his assets declarations filed with the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).
In his article, Dr Haq wrote that his investigation showed that numerous questions and dichotomies arose from the documents contained in the Panama Papers and those filed by Nawaz Sharif and Maryam before the ECP and the FBR.
Dr Haq said as per wealth reconciliation statement for tax year 2011, Nawaz Sharif showed that he gave a gift of Rs31.7 million to Maryam Nawaz and a gift worth Rs19.45 million to his son.
He stated that Captain Safdar in his statements of assets and liabilities as on 30.06.2011 to the ECP, showed no change in the assets during the year. “If the amount was gifted to the daughter through a cross cheque as required under the law then her husband was bound to declare it,” he said.
Dr Haq wrote that this gift raises many questions. For example, as per section 39(3) of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 any amount claimed as gift should be received either through a cross cheque or through a banking channel from a person holding a National Tax Number.
Admittedly, the PM’s son was not an NTN holder. This amount was to be offered as income even if received through a banking channel, which Nawaz Sharif failed to do. “This needs probe,” he said.
He said as per assets declarations from 2011 to 2013, Nawaz has been receiving huge gifts through remittances from his son. Since his son is not an NTN holder, the entire amounts become chargeable to tax under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. “Secondly, the PM’s son never showed these amounts in his UK returns. In other words, offshore accounts have apparently been used to send these funds,” he added.
Published in The Express Tribune, May 16th, 2016.
Older people experience pain in their back, knees, legs and ankles. But younger people are affected as well.
Usually this is because of sitting all day and inactive lifestyle.
The conducted survey showed that one- third of adults has joint pain in the past 30 days.
There are diseases that include this pain such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains and many different injuries.
Approximately 50% of these back pains will heal in two weeks, and 90% will heal in three months.
But there are also people that have chronic back pain that makes their everyday routines hard. They find it hard to sit, lie down or even stand.
Leg pain usually comes as a result of wear and tear, overuse or injuries in the joints and bones, the muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues tearing.
Poor circulation is also a cause for leg pain.
Here you can read about a Pain Relief Smoothie
- One orange
- two cups of pineapple
- two celery stalks
- two pears
- one lemon
- one inch of raw turmeric root
- a dash of black pepper
- ½ teaspoon coconut oil
Way of preparation:
First you need to peel the lemon, the orange, the ginger and turmeric. Chop and core the pineapples and the pears. Next you need to put all of the ingredients into a blender and blend them at high speed.
At the end you can consume it right away or keep it closed in a jar for up to 3-5 days.
The blender keeps the dietary fibers inside and if you use a juicing machine the fibers will filter out as waste.
The high fiber intake produces lower C- reactive protein (CRP) in the blood. This is a marker of inflammation linking to diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis , heart disease and diabetes.
The benefits from each ingredient
Pineapple has bromelain that is effective in relieving joint pain and reducing inflammations associated with arthritis.
The Bromelain has more enzymes than the Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs.
Usually overuse of the muscles or lack of potassium or calcium levels can cause leg pain.
The body needs the right amount of Vitamin C to prevent the inflammations maintaining healthy joints suffering from osteoarthritis.
Vitamin K is found in celery. The lack of this vitamin can cause abnormal cartilage and bone mineralization. They also increase the potential appearance of osteoarthritis in the hands and knees.
Pears are rich in vitamin C needed for reducing the inflammatory arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Beside the Vitamin C, the lemon is rich in Vitamin E. They both are antioxidants that the body needs.
They help protect the cells from free radical damage helping at the same time to maintain the collagen and the connective tissue.
The gingerol had the ability to fight prostaglandins, lipid compounds that trigger the pain.
A published study in 2009 in the Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine showed that the turmeric can relieve pain and improve the function of the knee. It is better than ibuprofen against osteoarthritis.
Another study conducted in 2006 where the curcuminoid was researched showed that the turmeric can inhibit the joint inflammation and destroy the pain.
Try consuming this smoothie and wait for few days to start working.
Don’t feel stressed if it doesn’t work from the first sip, you need to give it time. You can also besides consuming this juice, try some exercises.
– See more at: http://www.healthylifebase.com/say-goodbye-to-pain-in-your-joints-legs-and-spine-with-this-proven-anti-inflammatory-smoothie/#sthash.C1s1n8ft.dpuf
Electronics products to the Korean company Samsung has introduced its new micro SD card. Which has a capacity of 256 GB and a memory card, is unique and the greater scope of its kind.
Samsung, A New Memory Card which is called EVO plus has a capacity of 256 GB. Ie, there is about 55 thousand hours of HD video and images stored. If you find out from the memory card for data transfer times in the presence of the card if you want to continue photography. It’s also handy because it will speed up to 95 MB and 90 MB per second Red Wright per second speed. To use this card in your phone must have the support of micro SD x C. The SD card will be on sale worldwide within a few weeks later.
Four were some additional unique features Evo Plus guarantee that it will prove to be useful for long. For example, it is waterproof and it is not damaged by water, it does not damage the temperature, the X-rays is even worse than being proof. The biggest thing is that this will be a ten-year warranty from Samsung. Because of all these qualities, this card will undoubtedly be the best memory card of its kind.
Can we get an overview of the occupations of the persons associated with the Panama Papers? Well … that might be difficult, but we can get a biased plot by using the listing in Wikidata, where persons associated with the Panama Papers seems to be tagged and where their occupation(s) is listed. It produces the plot below.
It is fairly straightforward to construct such a bubble chart given the new plotting capabilities in the Wikidata Query Service. Dutch Wikipedian Gerard Meijssen seems to have been the one who has entered the information in Wikidata linking Panama Papers to persons via the ‘significant event‘ property. How complete he yet has managed to do this I do not know. Our Danish Wikipedian Ole Palnatoke Andersen set up a page on the Danish Wikipedia atDiskussion:Panama-papirerne/Wikidata tabulating with the nice Listeria tool of Magnus Manske. Modifying Ole’s SPARQL query we can get the count of occupations for the persons associated with the Panama Papers in Wikidata.
Some people may see that politicians are the largest group, but that might simply be an artifact of the notability criterion of Wikidata: Only people who are somewhat notable or are linked to something notable are likely to be included in Wikidata, e.g., the common businessman/woman may not (yet?) be represented in Wikidata.
The bubble chart cuts letters of the words for the occupation. ‘murd’ is murderer. Joaquín Guzmán has his occupation set to murderer in Wikidata, – without source…